Center For Democracy and Governance


Democratization in Somaliland has been a gradual process that has taken place over time. This process began in the early 1990s, when Somaliland declared its independence from Somalia, and has continued over the past two decades as more and more democratic reforms have been implemented. As of 2018, Somaliland has a multi-party-political system and a constitution that is based on democratic principles. Somaliland has held multiple elections, in 2003, 2005, and 2017, and has experienced relative political stability since the early 2000s.

However, despite these positive developments, the democratization process in Somaliland has faced many challenges. The country still lacks strong institutions and the rule of law is not well-established. Additionally, many of the reforms implemented in recent years have not been fully realized. In terms of foreign relations, Somaliland is still not recognized as an independent state, which limits its access to international support and resources.

Overall, Somaliland has made considerable progress in democratization in recent decades, but there is still much work to be done if the country is to realize its full democratic potential.

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